ATC designates CPP-NPA as terror group

File photo of CPP-NPA militia: AFP/Mitchell Maduro

QUEZON CITY, Dec. 27 (PIA) -- The Anti-Terrorism Council (ATC) has designated the Communist Party of the Philippines-New People's Army (CPP-NPA) as a "terrorist" organization, association, and/or a group of persons.

The resolution, approved on Dec. 9, and released to members of media this week, was signed by ATC chair, Executive Secretary Salvador Medialdea, and the body's vice chair, National Security Adviser Hermogenes Esperon, Jr.

The ATC is composed of nine members of the Cabinet including the Executive Secretary, National Security Adviser, Secretary of Foreign Affairs, Secretary of National Defense, Secretary of Interior and Local Government, Secretary of Finance, Secretary of Justice, Secretary of Information and Communications Technology, and the Executive Director of the Anti-Money Laundering Council.

ATC Resolution Number 12 which designated the CPP-NPA, with its armed wing known as the "Bagong Hukbong Bayan", used as a basis the February 21, 2018 petition filed by the National Prosecution Service (NPS) of the Department of Justice (DOJ) before the Manila Regional Trial Court Branch 19, docketed as Case No. R-MNL-18-00925-CV, "praying that the CPP-NPA be declared as terrorist and outlawed organizations, associations, and/or group of persons pursuant to Section 17 of Republic Act No. 9372, otherwise known as the Human Security Act of 2007 ".

The NPS, in its petition, said the CPP-NPA "was organized  for  the  purpose  of  engaging  in  terrorism  and,  for almost half a century, have been and are still using acts of terror to sow and create a condition of widespread and extraordinary fear and panic among the populace in order to overthrow the duly constituted authorities and seize control of the Philippine Government through armed struggle."

It also cited 12 incidents that constitute terrorist acts of murder, kidnapping, and arson to prove that the CPP-NPA continues to commit acts of terror to sow and create a condition of widespread and extraordinary fear and panic among the populace in order to topple the Philippine government which is the group's ultimate goal.

"Filing of the said petition by the NPS, DOJ clearly established the existence of probable cause that the CPP-NPA committed, or attempted to commit, or conspired in the commission of the acts defined and penalized by the ATA (Anti-Terrorism Act)," ATC Resolution Number 12 read.

In justifying its designation of the CPP-NPA as a terrorist organization, it also invoked President Proclamation Number 374 issued on December 5, 2017, declaring the group as designated/identified terrorist organizations under  Section 3 (e)(1) of Republic Act No. 10168, otherwise known as "The  Terrorism  Financing  Prevention and  Suppression Act of 2012".

The law states that among the designated persons are “any person or entity designated and/or identified as a  terrorist,  one who finances terrorism,  or a terrorist organization or group under the applicable  United  Nations  Security Council resolution or by another jurisdiction or supranational jurisdiction”.

ATC Resolution Number 12 also cited the United States' designation of the CPP-NPA as a "foreign terrorist organization"  in August 2002 and those made by the European Union,  Australia, United Kingdom, all in 2002; and New Zealand, in 2010.

"Now, therefore, the ATC, by virtue of the powers vested in us by Section 45 of ATA and pursuant to paragraph 3 of Section 25 of the ATA, finds probable cause that the CPP-NPA committed or conspired to commit the acts defined and penalized under Section 4 of the ATA and hereby designates the CPP-NPA as terrorist organizations, associations or groups of persons," it added. 

Under Section 25 of the ATA, the ATC may designate individuals or groups as terrorists upon the finding of probable cause that they are in a conspiracy to commit or are committing acts of terrorism. (PIA NCR)

Source: Philippines Information Agency (

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